Scripting

All entities in Ranvier can be scripted: Items, NPCs, Rooms, and Areas. There are two ways to script an entity: a unique script, or a behavior. A unique script is a non-configurable script attached directly to that entity. Each entity can only have one unique script. Behaviors, on the other hand, are configurable, reusable, and an entity may have many behaviors.

Unique Script

Unique scripts are stored under the scripts/ folder for a given area with a subfolder for each entity type, like so:

bundles/my-area/areas/limbo/
  scripts/
    limbo.js // area script
    npcs/
      rat.js
    items/
      sword.js
    rooms/
      test.js

As a matter of convention scripts are named, <entity id>.js. It's not required but it will help a lot when trying to figure out what script goes to what entity.

See the relevant entity's guide section on how to set this in the yaml file.

File Structure

'use strict';

module.exports = {
  listeners: {
    someEvent: state => (/* event args: see the docs for said event to see its args */) {
      // do stuff here
    },
  },
};

Behaviors

Behaviors are created inside the behaviors/ directory inside your bundle outside of your areas/ directory. Another key difference is that they are configurable in the entity's .yaml definition (see each entity type's documentation for some examples).

bundles/my-bundle/
  areas/
    limbo/
    ...
  behaviors/
    npcs/
      aggro.js
    items/
    rooms/
    area/

File Structure

The first argument to a behavior listener is always the config object defined in the entity yaml file

'use strict';

module.exports = {
  listeners: {
    someEvent: state => (config, /* event args */) => {
      /* given the example items.yml below `config` would be equal to
      { hello: "World" }
      */
    }
  }
};

Example behavior configuration for an item:

- id: 9
  name: 'My Item'
  behaviors:
    test:
      hello: "World"
    # if your behavior has no configuration, simply use 'true' as its config
    some-behavior: true

Behaviors as Flags & metadata

In previous versions of Ranvier it was suggested to use a behavior without a script as a way to "flag" entities. This is no longer needed as all entities now have a metadata property. As such you can use the metadata to create the flag instead:

- id: 9
  name: 'My Item'
  behaviors:
    # normal behavior
    test:
      hello: "World"
  # you may now use the metadata field to set any flags you wish to have
  metadata:
    cursed: true
    otherThing: "foobar"
    someDeep:
      metaObject:
        bar: "baz"

The old way will still work but will issue a warning on server startup.

You can access the metadata in scripts/commands with the getMeta() method:

const isCursed = someItem.getMeta('cursed'); // true
const badMeta = someItem.getMeta('doesntExist'); // undefined
const otherThing = someItem.getMeta('otherThing'); // "foobar"
const deepBar = someItem.getMeta('someDeep.metaObject.bar') // "baz"

Triggering a script/behavior

You may have something like the following in your code. It could be in a command or skill or even another script

// trigger the 'foo' listener attached to `myItem`
myItem.emit('foo', player, 'baz');

NOTE: When writing an emit call to activate a behavior you DO NOT have to manually pass the config argument, the engine automatically prepends it for behaviors.

Core events

For a list of events the core emits for any given entity see the "Events" section in the Source docs